When the effect of ionizing radiation on the organism exceeds the dose of tuliatrel, radiation sickness occurs. It can occur as a result of radioactive materials that have entered the body, as well as general external radiation of the whole body or most of it. Radioactive materials can accumulate in tissues and organs, creating permanent radiation hotspots.
Acute radiation sickness is caused by long-term (months and years) exposure to high doses of ionizing radiation, and chronic radiation sickness is caused by low doses. The acute form of the disease can be observed in military situations when the enemy uses nuclear weapons, and in peacetime – in enterprises using sources of ionizing radiation. Chronic radiation sickness can occur when working with radioactive materials as a result of violation of safety rules.
The forms and clinical manifestations of radiation sickness depend on the nature and doses of radiation exposure. Disorders of the functions of the body’s organs and systems are common to all forms. The central, nervous, hematopoiesis and blood circulation, gastrointestinal systems are affected, general poisoning of the body is observed, which is manifested by weakness, headaches, nausea, sleep disorders, etc.
After acute radiation sickness, residual phenomena are sometimes observed: weakness, rapid fatigue, headaches, mild anemia and predisposition to infectious diseases.
Chronic radiation sickness deepens slowly. it may even take years. Therefore, the treatment of the chronic course should be started after stopping the contact of the patient with sources of ionizing radiation.
In order to prevent radiation sickness, workers in the field of ionizing radiation sources need to strictly observe safety rules, if possible, carry out work with the help of remote control panels. Employees must undergo regular medical examinations and be under the direct supervision of a physician.
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